Untitled (Mlle Bourgeoise Noire). 1980-83Mlle Bourgeoise Noire – Ms Black Middle-Class – was the alter ego of Lorraine O’Grady (performance 1980-83). O’Grady turned her anger at the lack of opportunities for black artists to show their work, into this public performance. Wearing a dress made of 180 pairs of white gloves (a critique of the art world being in white hands) she whipped herself with a white cat-o-nine-tails studded with white chrysanthemums and shouting her poems which included calls to black artists to take issue with the white art world clique, and criticism of the segregated art world. First performed in 1980 at the seminal Just Above Midtown gallery in New York, this was one of the first performances to call out racial segregation in the art world.